By Vanessa Northington Gamble
Creating a position for Ourselves examines a major yet now not commonly chronicled occasion on the intersection of African-American background and American scientific history--the black health facility stream. a realistic reaction to the racial realities of yank existence, the circulate was once a "self-help" endeavor--immediate development of separate scientific associations insured the development and health and wellbeing of African american citizens until eventually the sluggish technique of integration may well happen. spotting that their careers trusted entry to hospitals, black physicians linked to the 2 top black clinical societies, the nationwide clinical organization (NMA) and the nationwide sanatorium organization (NHA), initiated the circulate within the Nineteen Twenties as a way to improve the scientific and education schemes at black hospitals. Vanessa Northington Gamble examines the actions of those physicians and people of black group corporations, neighborhood and federal governments, and significant healthiness care enterprises. She makes a speciality of 3 case reports (Cleveland, Chicago, and Tuskegee) to illustrate how the black clinic circulate mirrored the targets, wishes, and divisions in the African-American community--and the country of yank race family. reading ideological tensions in the black neighborhood over the life of black hospitals, Gamble indicates that black hospitals have been crucial for the pro lives of black physicians earlier than the emergence of the civil rights move. extra greatly, creating a position for Ourselves basically and powerfully files how problems with race and racism have affected the advance of the yank health facility process.
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Extra info for Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945
MOSSELL Dr. Browning... we don't claim here at Douglass that we are a colored hospital. True, most of our staff are colored, most of our patients too. But this hospital was organized to protest against racial segregation, Roots of the Black Hospital Reform Movement 33 not to encourage it. We have no intention of aiding any Jim Crow tendencies. And we won't become a dumping ground for other schools, who are as well equipped as we to train their own students. The discriminatory practices of hospitals in Philadelphia had forced the creation of Douglass Hospital.
Douglass is the only adequately equipped colored hospital in the state. MOSSELL Dr. Browning... we don't claim here at Douglass that we are a colored hospital. True, most of our staff are colored, most of our patients too. But this hospital was organized to protest against racial segregation, Roots of the Black Hospital Reform Movement 33 not to encourage it. We have no intention of aiding any Jim Crow tendencies. And we won't become a dumping ground for other schools, who are as well equipped as we to train their own students.
Williams represented the former, which had dominated black community life in Chicago until the first decade of the twentieth century. This group espoused integration and had economic and professional ties in the white community. After 1900, a new leadership class, of which Hall was a prominent member, rose to power. Advocating black self-help and solidarity, this group relied on its economic and professional ties in the black community. Unlike Williams, Hall maintained close association with several black community organizations, including the National Negro Business League, the Wabash Avenue YMCA, and the NAACP.
Making a Place for Ourselves: The Black Hospital Movement, 1920-1945 by Vanessa Northington Gamble