By Kenneth Shields
This e-book explores the starting place and evolution of significant grammatical different types of the Indo-European verb, together with the markers of individual, stressful, quantity, point, and temper. Its significant thesis is that lots of those markers may be traced to unique deictic debris which have been included into verbal constructions to be able to point out the 'hic and nunc' and numerous levels of remoteness from the 'hic and nunc'. The adjustments to which those deictic components have been topic are seen right here within the context of an Indo-European language very various from Brugmannian Indo-European, many gains of which, it's argued, seemed merely within the interval of dialectal improvement. This publication demanding situations quite a few conventional proposals in regards to the Indo-European verb; all reconstructions contained in it are firmly in keeping with extant information and are consonant with demonstrated rules of linguistic swap.
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Extra resources for A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology
The unconditioned reflex of p is d. Why is the OHG ending not -zd(u), with revoicing of 5 before voiced d? " Although King (1968) avoids the question of the origin of -st, he does maintain that it is "clearly a secondary development" (1968:247). Fullerton (1974) attempts to explain its origin by incorporating the traditional hypothesis into a broader generative phonological analysis of Grimm's Law. However, on the basis of my theory of the origin of the verbal desinences "-s and "-t in IndoEuropean, I want to suggest that -st represents an ancient suffix dating to the Indo-European period, not a West Germanic innovation.
Even in the Indo-European languages the 55 INDO-EUROPEAN VERB MORPHOLOGY SINGULAR PERSON MARKERS, ETC. copulative function of 'the verb to be' appears to be of secondary development [ ... ]. [This] is illustrated by contemporary Russian: Narlja kraslvaj' ("Mary is beautiful") and Narlja rebenok ("Mary is a child"), where kroslvojo is the feminine form of the adjective in concord with Norljo and rebenok is a noun (in the nominative case). In Latin and Greek 'the verb to be' was optional in such sentences.
Hence "-6/>, phonetically shortened to -a/> in the historical languages. Another consequence of this semi-phonetic, semi-morphological merger was the introduction of "-6/> (> -a/>l into the 1st p. • viz. the old form of the 3rd p. In Greek there is a [.. ,J termination -men, used both as a primary and secondary. ending. It was customary to regard the final -n of this form as ephelcystic, and to equate the Gk. ending with the Skt. secondary ending [-rna J. but it is now clear from Hittite that this is not so.
A History of Indo-European Verb Morphology by Kenneth Shields